Shining a light on complex mental health issues
While the world has come a long way in the public discussion of mental health issues, particularly in regard to depression and anxiety, there still remains a fair amount of stigma surrounding more complicated, complex mental health issues, including bipolar disorder, personality disorder and psychosis.
Speaking on The Wellness Daily Show, deputy CEO of SANE Australia Michelle Blanchard shone a light on the more complex mental health conditions that are often ignored in public discourse and still carry a great deal of stigma.
Ms Blanchard highlighted that some forms of mental health conditions, including depression and anxiety, have come a long way in reducing the public stigma that exists around mental health. However, many of the more complex mental health conditions have not achieved the same improvement when it comes to public awareness and understanding.
“I think mental health is inherently complex. It’s something that intersects with so many different aspects of our day-to-day lives,” Ms Blanchard said.
She highlighted the types of illnesses that could be classified as more complex mental health issues, such as psychosis, eating disorders, bipolar disorder, OCD and debilitating anxiety and depression that limits a person’s ability to participate in all the things that they would like to.
Currently, there are 690,000 Australians who live with these kinds of complex mental health issues, across all demographics. However, there are some factors, including childhood trauma, that may increase someone’s likelihood of developing a complex mental health disorder, according to Ms Blanchard.
She stated that these types of mental illnesses still experience a significant amount of stigma, which can manifest in a few different ways.
“We talk about self-stigma, which is the sense that you have about yourself, if you yourself have a mental health problem.
“[And then] we talk about perceived stigma, which is when you have a mental health problem yourself and you perceive that you’re going to be stigmatised by the people around you. And so the consequence of that might be that people don’t put themselves forward for relationships, for job opportunities, because they believe that they might be discriminated against.
“There’s then public stigma, which is the one that we probably hear about most often, which is the sense that the general community have a poor view of people living with mental health issues.
“And then the final one is around structural stigma or discrimination. And that’s behavior by institutions or organisations that ultimately means that people with mental illness don’t participate fully in society.”
In order to address the ongoing issue of stigma and discrimination felt by people who face mental health issues that may be more complex than those with depression and anxiety, Ms Blanchard discussed the new SANE campaign called Our Turn To Speak.
“Our Turn to Speak is about listening to the voices of people who have experienced a complex mental health issue, [and] it’s part of a larger project called the National Stigma Report Card.
“We set it up because we had a hunch that people who experience more complex mental health difficulties experienced stigma and discrimination in really different ways to perhaps people who have more common mental health problems like depression or anxiety.”
In attempting to tackle ongoing stigma, the SANE project dives deep into those stigmas across 14 different life domains.
“It’s everything from the way in which people might be treated when they’re entering a new relationship, or by members of their family,” Ms Blanchard said.
“It might be how they’re responded to when they disclose in a workplace that they have a mental health problem and might need a bit of extra help and support.”
One domain of note is how people with complex mental health conditions get treated when seeking out physical health care.
“So we know that people who experience more complex mental health concerns often don’t have their physical health concerns taken seriously because it’s assumed that it’s all related to their mental health problem.
“So these are the kinds of things that impact people’s lives.”
Ms Blanchard highlighted that, like all mental illnesses, it is hard to know whether someone is suffering from complex mental health problems.
“For the most part, you can’t tell that someone has a mental illness by looking at them because mental illnesses are often about the kinds of thoughts and feelings we have,” she said.
“But sometimes people might behave a little bit differently if they’re affected by a complex mental health concern.”
This might include someone interacting with a person or situation that is not real, having very obvious mood swings, or other symptoms that affect their functionality and/or personality.
“However, for the most part, particularly if that person’s mental illness is being really well managed and there are many people who are affected by these complex mental health issues who live very normal lives and you perhaps wouldn’t know by looking at them,” Ms Blanchard said.
If you are concerned that someone in your life is suffering from a complex mental illness, Ms Blanchard encourages you to reach out and support them.
“The best thing to do is just to let the person know that you’re a bit concerned about them, that there are some things that you’ve noticed that perhaps are a bit unusual or a bit different and just check in and see how that person’s going,” she said.
“And if they indicate that they are struggling and they’re looking for some help and support, assist them to be able to reach out, whether it’s to a general practitioner, whether it’s by calling a service like SANE’s helpline or jumping on our online peer support forums.
“Really just supporting them to take that next step and get the help and support that they need.”
More broadly, Ms Blanchard told The Wellness Daily Show that she believes the way to bust through the stigma on complex mental health issues is to start having conversations about them.
“I think the best thing we can do is be more open around a range of experiences people might have around their mental health and wellbeing.
“One of the challenges is that because these more complex conditions are stigmatised, perhaps more so than things like depression and anxiety, there are fewer people talking about it publicly, which means that for people who are experiencing these conditions, it can be quite challenging to be open about them.”
She continued: “And there is a little bit of a sense that these more complex conditions are left out of your standard workplace wellbeing programs or aren’t as part of the public conversation as they should be.
“So, the more we can kind of be open to the possibility that people might be having a broader range of experiences, I think the more open people are going to be. And hopefully that’s helpful for them in their recovery.”
You can contact SANE Australia at sane.org, or call 1800 18 7263.
To listen to Michelle Blanchard’s full conversation with Wellness Daily senior writer Jerome Doraisamy, click below:
This episode of The Wellness Daily Show contains content which some may find confronting or distressing. If you are in need of support, you can contact the following crisis services:
Lifeline, 13 11 14, www.lifeline.org.au
Suicide Call Back Service, 1300 659 467, www.suicidecallbackservice.org.au
Jerome Doraisamy is a senior writer for Lawyers Weekly and Wellness Daily at Momentum Media.
Before joining the team in early 2018, Jerome is admitted as a solicitor in New South Wales and, prior to joining the team in early 2018, he worked in both commercial and governmental legal roles and has worked as a public speaker and consultant to law firms, universities and high schools across the country and internationally. He is also the author of The Wellness Doctrines self-help book series and is an adjunct lecturer at The University of Western Australia.
Jerome graduated from the University of Technology, Sydney with a Bachelor of Laws and Bachelor of Arts in Communication (Social Inquiry).
You can email Jerome at: [email protected]
“Kindness is the language that the deaf can hear and the blind can see.” – Mark Twain